AskDefine | Define court

Dictionary Definition

court

Noun

1 an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business [syn: tribunal, judicature]
2 the sovereign and his advisers who are the governing power of a state [syn: royal court]
3 a specially marked area within which a game is played; "players had to reserve a court in advance"
4 a room in which a law court sits; "television cameras were admitted in the courtroom" [syn: courtroom]
5 a yard wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings; "the house was built around an inner court" [syn: courtyard]
6 the residence of a sovereign or nobleman; "the king will visit the duke's court"
7 the family and retinue of a sovereign or prince [syn: royal court]
8 a hotel for motorists; provides direct access from rooms to parking area [syn: motor hotel, motor inn, motor lodge, tourist court]
9 Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947) [syn: Margaret Court]
10 respectful deference; "pay court to the emperor" [syn: homage]

Verb

1 make amorous advances towards; "John is courting Mary" [syn: woo, romance, solicit]
2 seek someone's favor; "China is wooing Russia" [syn: woo]
3 engage in social activities leading to marriage; "We were courting for over ten years"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

From curt, from cortem (accusative of cors).

Noun

  1. An enclosed space; a courtyard; an uncovered area shut in by the walls of a building, or by different building; also, a space opening from a street and nearly surrounded by houses; a blind alley.
  2. The residence of a sovereign, prince, nobleman, or ether dignitary; a palace.
  3. The collective body of persons composing the retinue of a sovereign or person high in authority; all the surroundings of a sovereign in his regal state.
  4. Any formal assembling of the retinue of a sovereign; as, to hold a court.
  5. Attention directed to a person in power; conduct or address designed to gain favor; courtliness of manners; civility; compliment; flattery.
  6. The hall, chamber, or place, where justice is administered.
  7. The persons officially assembled under authority of law, at the appropriate time and place, for the administration of justice; an official assembly, legally met together for the transaction of judicial business; a judge or judges sitting for the hearing or trial of causes.
  8. A tribunal established for the administration of justice.
  9. The judge or judges; as distinguished from the counsel or jury, or both.
  10. The session of a judicial assembly.
  11. Any jurisdiction, civil, military, or ecclesiastical.
  12. A place arranged for playing the game of tennis, basketball and some other games; also, one of the divisions of a tennis court.

Translations

enclosed space; a courtyard
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (tíngyuàn)
  • Czech: dvůr
  • German: Hof
  • Hebrew: חצר (khatzer)
  • Hungarian: udvar
  • Italian: cortile
  • Japanese: 中庭
  • Polish: kort
  • Swedish: gård
residence of a sovereign, prince, nobleman, or ether dignitary
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (gōngtíng)
  • Czech: dvůr
  • Finnish: hovi
  • German: Hof
  • Hebrew: חצר (khatzer)
  • Hungarian: udvar
  • Italian: corte
  • Japanese: 宮廷
  • Polish: dwór
  • Portuguese: palácio
  • Swedish: hov
collective body of persons composing the retinue of a sovereign or person high in authority
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (gōngtíng)
  • Finnish: hovi
  • German: Hof , Hofstaat
  • Hungarian: udvar
  • Portuguese: corte
  • Swedish: hov
formal assembling of the retinue of a sovereign
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (zhāojiàn)
  • German: Hof
  • Hungarian: udvar
  • Polish: dwór
  • Swedish: hov
attention directed to a person in power
hall, chamber, or place, where justice is administered
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (tíng)
  • Czech: dvůr
  • Finnish: oikeus, tuomioistuin
  • German: Gericht
  • Hebrew: בית-משפט (beit-mishpat')
  • Hungarian: bíróság
  • Italian: corte, tribunale
  • Japanese: 裁判所, 法廷
  • Kurdish: دادگا
  • Portuguese: tribunal
  • Swedish: domstol, rätt
persons officially assembled under authority of law
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (tíng), (yuàn),
  • Esperanto: instanco
  • Finnish: oikeus, tuomioistuin
  • German: Gericht
  • Hungarian: bíróság
  • Japanese: 裁判所, 法廷
  • Portuguese: assembleia
  • Swedish: domstol, rätt
tribunal established for the administration of justice
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (tíng)
  • Esperanto: instanco
  • German: Gericht
  • Japanese: 裁判所, 法廷
  • Polish: sąd
  • Portuguese: tribunal
  • Swedish: domstol, rätt, tribunal
judge or judges
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (guān)
  • Esperanto: instanco
  • German: Gericht
  • Polish: sąd
session of a judicial assembly
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (kāitíng)
  • German: Gericht
  • Hebrew: משפט (mishpat')
  • Polish: sąd
jurisdiction
  • German: Gericht
place arranged for playing the game of tennis; also, one of the divisions of a tennis court
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (chǎng)
  • Finnish: tenniskenttä
  • French: court de tennis
  • Hungarian: teniszpálya
  • Italian: campo
  • Polish: kort

Verb

  1. Woo; attempt to win over with social activities and displays of breeding; tact and affection.

Derived terms

French

Pronunciation

Adjective

  1. short

Verb

court
  1. Third-person singular indicative present form of courir.

Extensive Definition

A court is a public forum used by a power base to adjudicate disputes and dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under its laws. In common law and civil law states, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all persons have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, those accused of a crime have the right to present their defense before a court.
Court facilities range from a simple farmhouse for a village court in a rural community to huge buildings housing dozens of courtrooms in large cities.
A court is a kind of deliberative assembly with special powers, called its jurisdiction, to decide certain kinds of judicial questions or petitions put to it. It will typically consist of one or more presiding officers, parties and their attorneys, bailiffs, reporters, and perhaps a jury.
The term "court" is often used to refer to the president of the court, also known as the "judge" or the "bench", or the panel of such officials. For example, in the United States, and other common law jurisdictions, the term "court" (in the case of U.S. federal courts) by law is used to describe the judge himself or herself.
In the United States, the legal authority of a court to take action is based on three pillars of power over the parties to the litigation: (1) Personal jurisdiction; (2) Subject matter jurisdiction; and (3) Venue.

Jurisdiction

Jurisdiction, meaning "to speak the law" is the power of a court over a person or claim. In the United States, a court must have both personal jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction. Each state establishes a court system for the territory under its control. This system allocates work to courts or authorized individuals by granting both civil and criminal jurisdiction (in the United States, this is termed subject-matter jurisdiction). The grant of power to each category of court or individual may stem from a provision of a written constitution or from an enabling statute. In English law, jurisdiction may be inherent, deriving from the common law origin of the particular court.

Trial and appellate courts

Courts may be classified as trial courts (sometimes termed "courts of first instance") and appellate courts. Some trial courts may function with a judge and a jury: juries make findings of fact under the direction of the judge who reaches conclusions of law and, in combination, this represents the judgment of the court. In other trial courts, decisions of both fact and law are made by the judge or judges. Juries are less common in court systems outside the Anglo-American common law tradition.

Civil law courts and common law courts

The two major models for courts are the civil law courts and the common law courts. Civil law courts are based upon the judicial system in France, while the common law courts are based on the judicial system in Britain. In most civil law jurisdictions, courts function under an inquisitorial system. In the common law system, most courts follow the adversarial system. Procedural law governs the rules by which courts operate: civil procedure for private disputes (for example); and criminal procedure for violation of the criminal law.

Tribunal

see arbitration.

Notes

See also

External links

court in Bosnian: Sud
court in Breton: Lez (roue)
court in Bulgarian: Съд
court in Czech: Soud
court in Welsh: Llys (cyfraith)
court in Danish: Domstol
court in German: Gericht
court in Estonian: Kohus
court in Modern Greek (1453-): Δικαστήριο
court in Spanish: Tribunal de justicia
court in Esperanto: Tribunalo (juro)
court in French: Tribunal
court in Western Frisian: Rjochtbank
court in Galician: Tribunal
court in Korean: 법원
court in Croatian: Sud
court in Indonesian: Pengadilan
court in Italian: Tribunale
court in Hebrew: בית משפט
court in Swahili (macrolanguage): Mahakama
court in Lao: ສານ
court in Lithuanian: Teismas
court in Hungarian: Bíróság
court in Macedonian: Суд
court in Dutch: Rechtbank
court in Nepali: अदालत
court in Japanese: 裁判所
court in Norwegian: Domstol
court in Norwegian Nynorsk: Domstol
court in Occitan (post 1500): Tribunal
court in Polish: Sąd
court in Portuguese: Tribunal
court in Quechua: Taripay suntur
court in Russian: Суд
court in Simple English: Court
court in Slovak: Súd
court in Slovenian: Sodišče
court in Serbian: Суд
court in Serbo-Croatian: Sud
court in Finnish: Tuomioistuin
court in Swedish: Domstol
court in Thai: ศาล
court in Vietnamese: Tòa án
court in Cherokee: ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ
court in Turkish: Mahkeme
court in Ukrainian: Суд
court in Yiddish: געריכט
court in Chinese: 法院

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Autobahn, British Cabinet, Rasputin, Sanhedrin, Svengali, US Cabinet, US highway, VIP, access, act up to, address, addresses, advisory body, agree to anything, alley, alleyway, allure, amorous pursuit, angle for, approach, archery ground, arena, arterial, arterial highway, arterial street, artery, assembly, association, athletic field, attendance, attendant, attract, autoroute, autostrada, avenue, bad influence, badminton court, bar, baseball field, basketball court, beak, beau, belt highway, bench, bicameral legislature, bid for, big wheel, billiard parlor, blind alley, board, board of aldermen, body of advisers, body of retainers, borough council, boulevard, bowling alley, bowling green, brain trust, break the ice, brown-nose, bypass, byway, cabinet, camarilla, camino real, canvass, captivate, carriageway, castle, causeway, causey, chamber, chamber of deputies, charm, chase, chaussee, cincture, circumferential, city board, city council, close, cohort, commission, common council, conference, confine, congress, consultative assembly, container, coop, corduroy road, cortege, council, council fire, council of ministers, council of state, council of war, county council, county road, course, court of arbitration, court of justice, court of law, courthouse, courting, courtroom, courtyard, crescent, cricket ground, croquet ground, croquet lawn, cul-de-sac, cultivate, curry favor, curtilage, dance attendance on, dead-end street, deliberative assembly, delimited field, diamond, diet, dike, directory, dirt road, divan, dock, drive, driveway, eminence grise, enclave, enclosure, entourage, esquire, expressway, fairway, fall over, fawn upon, federal assembly, field, fish for, five-percenter, fold, follow, follower, following, football field, freeway, friend at court, gallantry, general assembly, glaciarium, golf course, golf links, good influence, gravel road, gray eminence, gridiron, ground, gym, gymnasium, heavyweight, hidden hand, highroad, highway, highways and byways, house of assembly, ice rink, infield, influence, influence peddler, influencer, ingroup, interstate highway, judgment, judicatory, judicature, judicial process, judiciary, junta, jury box, justice, key, kingmaker, kitchen cabinet, lane, law court, lay siege to, legal tribunal, legislative assembly, legislative body, legislative chamber, legislature, links, list, lobby, lobbyist, local road, look for, lords of creation, lower chamber, lower house, magistrate, main drag, main road, make advances, make court to, make suit to, make up to, man of influence, manipulator, mansion, mews, motorway, national assembly, open sesame, outfield, oval, palace, palais, palatial residence, palazzo, pale, paling, parasite, parish council, park, parkway, parliament, pave, paved road, pay addresses to, pay attention to, pay court to, pen, pike, place, plank road, play up to, playground, playing field, playroom, polish the apple, polo ground, pool hall, poolroom, pop the question, powers that be, pressure group, primary highway, private road, privy council, provincial legislature, provincial parliament, pursue, putting green, quad, quadrangle, racecourse, racket court, representative town meeting, retinue, right-of-way, ring road, rink, road, roadbed, roadway, rout, route nationale, row, royal road, run after, satellite, secondary road, seek, serenade, shine up to, sinister influence, skating rink, soccer field, solicit, soviet, spark, special interests, special-interest group, speedway, square, squash court, squire, staff, state assembly, state highway, state legislature, street, stretch, suck up to, sue, sue for, suing, suit, suite, superhighway, swain, sweetheart, syndicate, synod, tennis court, terrace, the Establishment, the courts, theater, thoroughfare, through street, thruway, toft, toll road, tower, town hall, town house, town meeting, township road, track, train, tribunal, turf, turnpike, unicameral legislature, upper chamber, upper house, very important person, villa, wheeler-dealer, wire-puller, witness box, witness stand, woo, wooing, wynd, yard
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